Framework for Junior Cycle – A Cut By Any Other Name. Part 1 4


“The task of the modern educator is not to cut down jungles, but to irrigate deserts.”
C.S. Lewis
It would be nice to conclude my views of the ‘Towards a Framework for Junior Cycle’ in a short post. However, I believe to do so would be to limit myself to looking at a tree only to miss the forest. There is an awful lot more to the Framework than the Framework itself.  While there appears to be general agreement on the need for reform of the Junior Cycle, I believe that much of this ‘agreement’ has been manufactured, partly by the NCCA, partly by the DOES and partly by media representation of education in Ireland.  Much of the views generated thus have come from people who have little day-to-day involvement with the reality of schools and whose attitudes and values inform various proposals but which, I believe lead to a diminution of the core task of a teacher – to teach the content and skills of the subject in which they are trained. That nothing is written of the  attitudes and values of policy formulators and how these have informed decision making is striking.
To begin with, it is useful to consider the available information
Primary School Curriculum
 ESRI research between 2002 and 2007
First Year Junior Cycle
NCCA Commentary
Second  Year Junior Cycle
ESRI Summary  
Third Year Junior Cycle
Smart Schools=Smart Economy
 NCCA Innovation and Identity 2010
Summary of ‘Innovation and Identity-Ideas for a new Junior Cycle’
Leading and Supporting Change in Schools
 Address by the Tánaiste and Minister for Education and Skills, Ms. Mary Coughlan, T.D., at the launch of the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment consultation process on the Junior Cycle
Address by Tanaiste at launch of consulation process
Consultation Flyer
A selection of videos related to the Junior Cycle developments
Junior Cycle Consultations – List of Submissions
Summary findings of the NCCA consultation process February 2011
ICT Framework: A structured approach to ICT in Curriculum and Assessment
Minister for Education and Skills  statement on establishment of 40 new schools over next 6 years
Minister for Education and Skills launches National Literacy and Numeracy Strategy
Literacy and Numeracy Strategy here
 Minister for Education issues clarification regarding the number of exams that will be taken at Junior Certificate
Video of the Ministers address to the NCCA on the publication of the Framework 3rd November 2011
Ministers speaking notes for same
NCCA Towards a Framework for Junior Cycle
Statements of Learning
 Standardised testing in Lower Secondary Education
 Minister for Education and Skills in Interview on DublinCityFM – Inside Education Programme
DublinCityFM interview with Prof. Svein Sjoberg, University of Oslo regarding PISA Survey
Proposals for a new Leaving Certificate 2005
In May 2009 Ireland had one of the best education systems in the world.  Scarcely one year later was it little more than a basket case. Is this really the case? I would argue not. Afterall, we had successfully attracted 26% of all US foreign direct investment in Europe despite having only 1% of the EU’s population. This is not to suggest that we cannot improve.  However, our success in attracting MNCs hardly points to a failing education system. So what is really going on?
It is clear that there is room for improvement in Ireland’s education system – both in the schools and among teachers. However, I do not believe the proposals contained in the Framework offer (or more correctly, point to) much improvement and that in fact, they represent a lowering of standards. The only possible exception to this is the references to ICT. However, despite having gone through a an economic boom and having paid only lip-service to ICT in education, I do not believe the State is now  in a position, nor has it the vision,  to implement  the radical change necessary to see ICT become a meaningful part of Irish education.
It can take upwards of a decade to see the full effect of major changes to an educational system. If the change doesn’t succeed, those responsible can always fall back on the mantra that they followed the ‘advice of the experts’ as if to say that if the advice was wrong, that is just too bad but not their fault.  Yet, as I will argue in a later post, the real experts – teachers – were materially excluded from the decision making process. This is all the more pity because teachers tend to be the first to be blamed for the ills of the education system.
Not to ignore the conspiratorial amongst you, I suggest that the proposed changes to the Junior Cycle have little to do with education and more to do with the mundane management of the government’s approach to providing an education service. I believe certain views of what happens in classrooms have been portrayed as the norm in all classrooms yet is far from the reality. However, unless there is something wrong with the system, there can be no valid argument for changing it. I do not mind if managing our educational resources at national level must be an issue – only that there would be more honesty about it.
I will argue that real change in the education system must involve not only certain changes to the system, but more significantly, changes to the way teachers are currently treated and portrayed by officialdom and in the media. As I mentioned above, there are improvements that teachers can make and I will offer some suggestions.

I write merely as it seems to me. I may be wrong. I hope I’m wrong. No one person or organisation has all the answers. Please add your comments on how you reason we can improve Irish education.

Framework for Junior Cycle Part 2 – Hedging Bets
Junior Cycle Framework Part 3 – The View from Above
Junior Cycle Framework Part 4 – Can Johnny tie his shoelaces? Tick!
Junior Cycle Framework Part 5: Testing Times!
Junior Cycle Framework Part 6 – Because You’re Worth It!

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